Paediatric Rheumatology is the medical specialty that treats children and adolescents with diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system including the bones, joints, tendons and ligaments. Paediatric rheumatology also covers the care of children with systemic inflammatory diseases.

A Paediatric Rheumatologist is a sub-specialist paediatrician specifically trained in the management of these conditions which are often rare and may be associated with serious complications if not treated promptly and affectively by a specialist in the area.

Examples of diseases best managed by paediatric rheumatologists include –

  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) – also previously known as Juvenile Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA), Juvenile Chronic Arthritis (JCA), Still’s Disease and Juvenile Akylosing Spondylitis (JAS)
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) – also known as Lupus
  • Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM)
  • Juvenile Scleroderma (JSc)
  • Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD)
  • Sjogren’s Syndrome
  • Uveitis – eye inflammation
  • Periodic Fever Syndromes such as Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), Periodic Fever with Apthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis and Adenopathy (PFAPA), TNF-Recepter Associated Periodic Fever Syndrome (TRAPS), Hyper IgD Syndrome and Cryopyrin Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS).
  • Inflammatory bone diseases such as Chronic Relapsing Multifocal Osteomyelitis (CRMO)
  • Hypermobility
  • Chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes – Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD), Fibromyalgia (FM)
  • Mechanical joint pains of all sorts
  • Other rare inflammatory or musculoskeletal conditions